Your eye doctor will ask you for information about your vision and health history, medications, symptoms of vision problems and other background information. Using a number of tests and medical instruments, your eye doctor will conduct an external and internal exam of the various parts of your vision system including the eyelashes, eyelids, conjunctiva, iris, lens, cornea, pupils, extra-ocular muscles, blood vessels, optic nerve and the retina. The eye doctor will assess the health of your eyes and look for vision problems such as glaucoma, cataracts and corneal diseases. The doctor will also look for ocular changes associated with systemic diseases such as diabetes, high blood pressure and neurological disorders. In order to perform a complete exam and look into the eye, we instill an eye drop that dilates the pupil which can cause light sensitivity and blurred vision especially up close. The effects of this eye drop can last 1-3 hours. This evaluation may also include a refraction, which determines whether you need prescription lenses or not.
Your eye doctor will make a final diagnosis and discuss a treatment plan designed specifically for you. The eye doctor will prescribe any necessary treatments such as corrective eyewear or medications.